Anogeia

Anogeia

Anogeia of Milopotamos is a mountain town with important history and three holocausts. Anogeia preserves the Cretan tradition in the modern Crete.

Anogeia is the capital of the Anogeia municipality, 52 kilometers from Rethimno and 36 kilometers from Heraclion. The town is 700-790 meters above the sea level, on the Armi hill.

The settlements of Armi, Mesochoria, Prachori, Metochi and Sinoikismos are under Anogeia that falls under the Rethimno prefecture. The Sisarcha village is also under the Anogeia province.

There are many worth visiting places in Anogeia such as the Minoan Zominthos building in the Zominthos plateau and the Idaio Antro cavern in the Nida plateau. The two plateaus and the whole area of Anogeia are on the Idi Mountain. The Koritsi cavern is also important. The E4 European Path passes through the area and, specifically, the Garazo- Anogeia part and the parts of Nida-Zaros and the Nida- Toumpotos Prinos refuge.

The Skinakas observatory is also in the area of Anogeia, in a very high altitude. The Agios Iakinthos church is also worth visiting. Agios Iakinthos is the Orthodox patron Saint of love, fertility and pure feelings.

The house of the famous deceased singer, Nikos Ksilouris, the Grilliou Greek Folklore Art Museum and the old house of Anogeia that is a part of the collection of the retired teacher Georgios Smpokos are also worth visiting in Anogeia.

There are also places to stay, traditional coffeehouses and taverns in Anogeia. You can find the traditional “galaktompoureko” (i.e. a sweet with mizithra) and ice cream made with fresh milk from the area in the pastry shops of Anogeia.

HISTORY

The first references of Anogeia start before 1182 A.C. During the Byzantine years, Crete was divided in fiefs to 12 noblemen of the Byzantium. Anogeia was given to the Fokas family (later was called Kallergis).

The existence of Anogeia is also seen during the Second Byzantine Era when it was not mentioned as a revolutionary center like many other areas of Crete.

The Turks took over Anogeia, in 1684, and, then, it became a monastery village, dedicated to the mosques of Valide Sultana. Many privileges were given to Anogeia even though it was an important revolutionary center against the Turks.

The village was looted and burned in July of 1822 by Serif pasha who found the village desolated as its residents had been fighting in Mesara. The first complete occupation of Anogeia by Omer pasha happened in 1867 and, in July of 1867, Resiz pasha burned Anogeia (for the second time during the Turkish occupation).

During the German Occupation the role of Anogeia was very important. A Liberating Committee was established in Anogeia, in 1941, as the village was one of the cores of the Resistance in Crete. After the General Kraipe abduction in Anogeia, on the 13th of August 1944, the governor and garrison commander X. Miller ordered the complete destruction of the town and the execution of every man. Over 100 residents were killed from 1941 to the liberation of Crete.

PLACE NAME

The name came from the place where the town is built (in “Ano-gi”, i.e. upper ground).

CHURCHES

The Agios Iakinthos church is 12 kilometers in the south of Anogeia and is celebrated on the 3rd of July when the “Iakintheia” festival is held every year. The Agios Ioannis church with frescos from the 14th century is in the central Armi square. The Agios Georgios church is in the Meintani square and the Koimisi of Theotokos church in the Livadi square.

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